individuals' name The difference between these two depends on purposes. 一(いっ)歩(ぽ) ippo "step"; 一(ひと)目(め) hitome "sight; attention"), however, are generally tagged with furigana. If it's「ふりがな」then write it in hiragana. Fampiasana Furigana. I found a website advising you how to fill in your full name when you are asked for the furigana. For example, リリック(歌詞) ririkku "lyric" may be tagged with 歌詞 kashi "lyrics" for clarification rather than for phonetic guidance. Hiragana may also be written in small script beside the kanji symbol to serve as a reading or pronunciation guide. This is called sōrubi (総ルビ) in Japanese. Another use is to write the kanji for something which had been previously referenced, but write furigana for sore (それ) or are (あれ), meaning "that". A similar practice is used in native fiction to clarify extended meanings. Unlike furigana, the use of okurigana is a mandatory part of the written language. Perfect for Japanese beginners. If you need further convincing, you can read this psychology blog where the author takes for granted that same system of using the same script as the one 'furigana' is written in - in effect, answering 'yes' to your question. Okurigana is Hiragana that follows Kanji, in case the Kanji does not cover the entire word. 「フリガナ」とカタカナで書いてあればカタカナで書かなくてはいけません。. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. The most widely accepted standard is to use ひらがな for all kanji, unless the kanji is standing in for a word that is a loan word (for example, 功夫 -> カンフー). Furigana fonts are generally sized so that two kana characters fit naturally over one kanji; when more kana are required, this is resolved either by adjusting the furigana by using a condensed font (narrowing the kana), or by adjusting the kanji by intercharacter spacing (adding spaces around the kanji). First of all, when you have a verb, the furigana generally just covers the stem (left part) of the verb. I know people usually wouldn't care about the furigana of names, as I've seen both hiragana and katakana - I'm not Japanese so I write it in katakana, usually. Hiragana is also used as suffixes in conjunction with kanji to give a particular meaning. A esto le llamamos furigana. Dalam penulisan mendatar, yokogaki, mereka terletak di bahagian atas barisan teks tersebut, manakala dalam penulisan menegak pula, tategaki, mereka terletak di bahagian … The specific types of effects vary: furigana could be used to visually reinforce complex ideas without having to use long expressions; to annotate strange, foreign, rarely seen text; to use more artistic or more explanatory spellings for regular words (see Kanji#Gikun); or simply for shorthand for base text abbreviation, thanks to the small type of furigana. My experience with ふりがな in general is that there are a few accepted standards. What location in Europe is known for its pipe organs? Among formatting features are different rules for aligning the kana over or to the right of the base text, usually either when the base text string is longer than the furigana string or vice versa. Okurigana are kana that appear inline at normal size following kanji stems, typically to complete and to inflect adjectives and verbs. Usually katakana is preferred. Before the post-World War II script reforms, it was more widespread.[1]. One might write the kanji for "blue", but use katakana to write the pronunciation of the English word "blue"; this may be done, for example, in Japanese subtitles on foreign films, where it can help associate the written Japanese with the sounds actually being spoken by the actors, or it may be used in a translation of a work of fiction to enable the translator to preserve the original sound of a proper name (such as "Firebolt" in the Harry Potter series) in japan, while simultaneously indicating its meaning with kanji. Try this list of manga with furigana! See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for Show Furigana. Numeric words in established compounds (e.g. Name Furigana? 二.mw-parser-output ruby>rt,.mw-parser-output ruby>rtc{font-feature-settings:"ruby"1;font-size:85%}.mw-parser-output ruby.large{font-size:250%}.mw-parser-output ruby.large>rt,.mw-parser-output ruby.large>rtc{font-size:50%}本(ほん)/2本(ほん) ni-hon "two long things"; 2つめ futatsume "second"; 第(だい)二巻(かん)/第(だい)2巻(かん) dai-ni kan "book 2"; 2ページ ni-pēji "page 2"; etc.) First, the furigana explicitly tells the reading of the kanji itself. Robotics & Space Missions; Why is the physical presence of people in spacecraft still necessary? Manga with furigana is always easier to read than those without. Furigana (japonsky 振り仮名) je zmenšenina japonské kany, kterou se zapisuje výslovnost (převážně) znaků kandži.V moderní japonštině je spíše využívaná pro neobvyklé kandži a k jejich vysvětlení. Now the difference between Furigana and Okurigana is as follows; Furigana is small Hiragana attached above (to the right of for Tategaki) Kanji for those who cannot read it. Is there a standard for furigana? [14], Alignment rules in word processing or typesetting, Add Ruby automatically for Japanese Web site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Furigana&oldid=996502519, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles to be expanded from December 2018, Articles with disputed statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In karaoke it is extremely common for furigana to be placed on the song lyrics. El furigana en manga. Furigana is most often written in hiragana, though katakana, Roman alphabet letters or other kanji can also be used in certain special cases. Very long readings also occur for certain kanji or symbols which have a gairaigo reading; the word "centimeter" is generally written as "cm" (with two half-width characters, so occupying one space) and has the seven-kana reading センチメートル (senchimētoru) (it can also be written as the kanji 糎, though this is very rare); another common example is "%" (the percent sign), which has the five kana reading パーセント (pāsento). But of course, Japanese sounds different from Chinese so they didn’t always get it exactly right. Furigana are sometimes also used to indicate meaning, rather than pronunciation. Synonym for Furigana Almost same meaning. Extra spaces may be needed depending on the size of the shorter string (either the ruby string or the base string) relatively to the longer one. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Japanese Language Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Occasionally this style is also used for loanwords from other languages (especially English). In my childhood, hiragana notation is used for Kanji, katakana notation is used for foreign words. Can “furigana” be used to refer to ruby that isn't kana? Furigana are most commonly used in works for children, who may not have sufficiently advanced reading skills to recognize the kanji, but can understand the word when written phonetically in hiragana. 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